SPARTACUS

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ARAM KHACHATURIAN

SPARTACUS

Ballet in 3 acts, 12 scenes, 9 monologues

Libretto by

YURY GRIGOROVICH

based on motifs from the novel by RAFFAELLO GIOVAGNOLI

and on events from ancient history,

with use of NIKOLAY VOLKOV’s scenario

Choreographer

People’s artist of the USSR, Laureate of Lenin’s Prize and the State Prizes of the USSR

YURY GRIGOROVICH

Set and Costume Designer

People’s artist of the USSR, Laureate of Lenin’s Prize and the State Prizes of the USSR

SIMON VIRSALADZE

Musical Directors and Conductors

Honored artist of the Republic of Armenia

KAREN DURGARYAN

Honored Worker of the Republic of Kazakhstan

AIDAR ABZHAKHANOV

Production Coordinator and Assistant Choreographer

Honored artist of Russia

RUSLAN PRONIN

Assistant Choreographer

OXANA TSVETNITSKAYA (Russia)

Revival Designer

MIKHAIL SAPOZHNIKOV (Russia)

Revival Costume Designers

LYUDMILA IUS (Russia)

ELENA NETSVETAEVA-DOLGALEVA (Russia)

Lighting Designer

ALEXEY PEREVALOV (Russia)

Chief Choirmaster

Honored Worker of the Republic of Kazakhstan

YERZHAN DAUTOV

ROLES AND PERFORMERS

SPARTACUS

Bakhtiyar ADAMZHANDoszhan TABYLDY

CRASSUS

Honored Worker of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Tair GATAUOV

Honored Worker of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Serzhan KAUKOV

Arman URAZOV

PHRYGIA

Honored Worker of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Madina BASBAYEVA

Anel RUSTEMOVA

AEGINA

Aigerim BEKETAYEVA

Honored Worker of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Gaukhar USINA

Assel SHAIKENOVA

GLADIATOR

Serik NAKYSPEKOV

MIMES

Farukh SADYRKULOV, Bostan KOZHABEKOV,

Sanzhar AUBAKIROV, Bakytzhan TALGATULY

THREE SHEPHERDS

Serik NAKYSPEKOV, Arman URAZOV,

Yerkin RAKHMATULLAYEV, Azamat ZHANKABAYEV

FOUR SHEPHERDS

Azat ZHUMAGULOVSundet SULTANOV,

Zhanibek IMANKULOV, Sungat KYDYRBAI

SHEPHERDESSES

Anel YESKALIYEVAAssel KUSAINOVA,

Aizhan KAZHYBAYEVAAssel OSPANBAYEVA,

Mariko KITAMURA, Moldir SHAKIMOVA

COURTESANS

Galiya BEGALINAMariko KITAMURASeika TONOSAKI,

Natalia KONDYA, Aidys SAAYA, Aliya AITBAYEVA,

Moldir SHAKIMOVA, Almagul UMITBAYEVA

Gladiators, legionaries, patricians, slaves, Spartacus’ followers, shepherds,

bodyguards, slave traders, mourners, overseers, folk

BALLET, ORCHESTRA AND CHOIR OF ASTANA OPERA HOUSE

A performance with two intermissions

Duration: 2 hours 55 minutes

Management reserves the right to substitute artists

ACT ONE

SCENE ONE

Invasion. The military machine of imperial Rome, led by Crasus, wages a cruel campaign of conquest, destroying everything in path. Among the chained prisoners, who are domed to slavery, are Spartacus and Phrygia.

Spartacus monologue. Spartacus is in despair. Born a free man, he is now a slave in chains.

SCENE TWO

The slave market. Slave dealers separate the men and women prisoners for sale to rich Romans. Spartacus is parted from Phrygia.

Phrygia`S monologue. Phrygia is overcome with grief. She thinks with horror of the terrifying ordeals that lie ahead of her.

SCENE THREE

Orgy at Crassus’s palace. Mimes and courtesans entertain the guests, making fun of Phrygia, Crassus’s new slave. Aegina draws Crassus into a frenzied bacchanalian dance. Drunk with wine and passion, Crassus demands a spectacle. Two gladiators are to fight to death in helmets with closed visors, i.e., without seeing each other. The victor’s helmet is removed. It is Spartacus.

Spartacus’s monologue. Against his will, Spartacus has been forced to murder a fellow man. His despair develops into anger and protest. He will no longer tolerate captivity. He has but one choice of action – to win back his freedom.

SCENE FOUR

The gladiators’ barracks. Spartacus incites the gladiators to revolt. They swear an oath of loyalty to him and, of one accord, break out of the barracks to freedom.

ACT TWO

SCENE FIVE

The Appian way. Having broken out of their captivity and finding themselves on Appian Way, surrounded by shepherds, Spartacus’s followers call the latter to join the uprising. Shepherds and populace proclaim Spartacus as their leader.

Spartacus’s mologue. The thought of Phrygia’s fate as a slave gives Spartacus no peace. He is haunted by memories of his loved one whom he thinks of day and night.

SCENE SIX

Crassus’s villa. His search for Phrygia leads Spartacus to Crassus’s villa. The two lovers are overjoyed at their reunion. But, due to the arrival of a procession of patricians, led by Aegina, they are forced to hide.

Aegina’s monologue. Aegina has long dreamed of seducing and gaining power over Crassus. Her goal is to win him and thereby gain legal admittance to the world of the Roman nobility.

SCENE SEVEN

Feast at Crassus’s villa. Crassus celebrates his victories. The patricians sing his praises. The festivities are cut short by alarming piece of news. Spartacus and his men have all but surrounded the villa. The panic-stricken guests disperse. Crassus and Aegina are also forced to flee. Spartacus breaks into the villa.

Spartacus’s monologue. Victory! It elates him and fills him with faith that the uprising will be successful! Victory!

SCENE EIGHT

Spartacus’s victory. Spartacus’s men have taken Crassus prisoner and want to kill him, but Spartacus is not bent on revenge and suggests that they should engage in single-handed combat. Crassus accepts the challenge and suffers defeat: Spartacus knocks the sword out of his hand. Crassus makes ready demonstratively to meet his death, but Spartacus, with gesture of contempt, lets him go. That all shall know Crassus’s dishonor is punishment enough. The jubilant insurgents praise the victory of Spartacus.

INTERMISSION

ACT THREE

SCENE NINE

Crassus takes his revenge. Crassus is tormented by his disgrace. Fanning his hurt pride, Aegina calls on him to take his revenge. There is only one way forward – death to the insurgents. Crassus summons his legions. Aegina sees him off to battle.

Aegina’s monologue. Spartacus is Aegina’s enemy too. The defeat of Crassus will be her downfall. Aegina devises a perfidious plan – she will sew dissension in Spartacus’s encampment.

SCENE TEN

Spartacus’s encampment. Spartacus and Phrygia are happy to be together. But suddenly his military commanders bring the news that Crassus is on the move with a large army. Spartacus decides to give battle but, overcome by cowardice, some of his warriors desert their leader.

Spartacus’s monologue. Spartacus has a presentiment that the following battle will have a tragic outcome, but he is prepared to sacrifice his life for the sake of freedom. Those men who have remained faithful to him are ready to go into battle with their leader.

SCENE ELEVEN

Dissension. Aegina infiltrates the ranks of the traitors who, though they have abandoned Spartacus, might still be persuaded to go with him. Together with the courtesans she seduces the men with wine and erotic dances and, as a result, they put all caution to the winds. Having lured the traitors into a trap, Aegina hands them over to Crassus.

Crassus’s monologue. Crassus is consumed by the wish for revenge. Spartacus shall pay with his death for the humiliation that he, Crassus, was forced to undergo.

SCENE TWELVE.

The last battle. Spartacus’s forces are surrounded by the Roman legions. Spartacus’s devoted friends perish in unequal combat. Spartacus fights on fearlessly right up to the bitter end but, closing in on the wounded hero, the Roman soldiers crucify him on their spears.

Requiem. Phrygia retrieves Spartacus’s body from the battle field. She mourns her beloved. Her grief is inconsolable. Raising her arms skywards, Phrygia appeals to the heaven that the memories of Spartacus live forever…

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